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CASE REPORT
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 82-83

Renal transplant in a lupus nephritis patient with β-thalassemia trait


Department of Nephrology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Uma Shankar Gaur
House No. 136, Sona Vihar, Delhi Road, Alwar - 301 001, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijot.ijot_17_17

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Progression of proliferative lupus nephritis to end-stage renal disease is common. Anemia in chronic kidney disease has multifactorial etiology, but it is rarely associated with β- Thalassemia trait. Iron deficiency is common in hemodialysis patients due to increased blood loss. Microcytic hypochromic anemia may be due to iron deficiency, hemoglobinopathies and aluminum toxicity. Because chronic kidney disease is a chronic inflammatory state, it is difficult to exclude iron deficiency with classical biochemical markers. Treatment of anemia in chronic kidney disease is important as iron therapy may cause iron overload, increased susceptibility to infection, atherosclerosis and increased oxidative stress. Multiple blood transfusions may cause iron overload, risk of infection transmission and alloimmunization. Alloimmunization decreases donor pool and increases chances of rejection.


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