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CASE REPORT
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 247-250

Management of chronic parvovirus infection in postkidney transplant with prophylactic intravenous immunoglobulin therapy


1 Department of Nephrology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2 Department of Clinical Hematology Hemato-Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
3 Department of Pathology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manmeet Singh Jhawar
Department of Nephrology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijot.ijot_39_17

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Parvovirus (PV) infection is a rare cause of persistent anemia in kidney transplant recipients. The diagnosis of PV infection depends on a high index of suspicion, persistent anemia, red cell aplasia in the bone marrow, and positive polymerase chain reaction for PV B19. Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) has shown to improve anemia but persistence of PV is common after treatment. This case report highlights a postkidney transplant recipient who had PV infection, treated with IVIg but had multiple relapses. He was managed with monthly IVIg prophylactic therapy for 6 months following which he had complete clearance of PV. PV B19 results in multiple relapses in postkidney transplant patients. Monthly prophylaxis therapy with higher dose delivery of IVIg can result in the clearance of PV and relapse-free response. Further studies may be required to determine the duration of prophylaxis therapy.


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